The aim of this syllabus is to give students a very good grounding on the functioning of European Union law, providing them with a global understanding and a detailed knowledge of the foundational substantive issues of European Union law, as well as the practical usefulness of those subjects, in order to fully prepare students for their professional activity in this field. The syllabus focuses on the nature and competences of European institutions, norms, decision-making procedures and general principles of European law. Special attention will be given to European court decisions. The syllabus is also designed to develop analytical legal skills: oral and written communication, advocating a position or a cause, analytical and logical reasoning, knowledge of substantive law, mastering legal terminology, critical thinking.
I - Evolution of the European Union
II - The Institutions
- Nature and competences;
- Norms, legislation and decision-making procedures.
III - General principles of European Union Law
- Principle of Direct Effect;
- Principle of Supremacy;
- Principle of Consistent Interpretation;
- Principle of State Liability for breach of EU Law;
- Principle of express power and implied power;
- Principle of uniform interpretation of European Union acts (preliminary ruling references);
- Principle of free movement goods, capital, workers, europeam citizens, freedom of establishment and to provide services;
- Principle of protection of human rights. The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.